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NAB: Yadda An Fara Da Shi ...


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To, a nan muna, gabatowa Nab nuna! Har yanzu, zan kasance, wakiltar Watsa Beat Magazine, Kamar yadda na glide ta hanyar da Nuna Floor, ganin abin da zan iya ganin dukkan sabuwar kayayyakin da sababbin abubuwa a cikin studio (watsa shirye-shirye da kuma post-samar) masana'antu.

Ko da tare da duk da tashin hankali da cewa Nuna kawo ba, har abada mamaki da abin da "Nab" ne, ko wanda ya cikin "National Association of Makiyaya"Ne? Banda kasancewarsa rundunõninsa, daga cikin mafi girma da studio masana'antu al'ada a kan wannan Duniya, Nab ne babban da kuma rikitarwa jiki, hada da watsa shirye-shirye da kungiyoyi, Mai kẽwayewa biyu talabijin da rediyo, da kuma yanzu internet da kuma duk sauran nau'i na kafofin watsa labarai watsa, kazalika da dukan sauran masana'antu da cewa goyi bayan su.

120611_national_association_broadcasters_shinkle_605Nab ne Multi-faceted wadannan kwanaki, tare da makamai mikawa daga ilmi, bincike da kuma fasaha (Nab Labs) to bayar da shawarwari (ko majalisa da kuma na yau da kullum da harkokin), daga Standards Wuri (da Television Code aka "The cikon Good Practice") to The gaggawa Watsa System (EBS), daga online events bita da taro, kuma duk abin da a-tsakanin. Kamar shigar da su yanar ya lullube ku da kawai nawa suka suna da alaka da kuma yadda suka yi faruwa.

WOW! Na san, daidai? Kuna jin tsoro kamar yadda nake, duk lokacin da na yi la'akari da NAB. Amma ta yaya aka fara duka? Mene ne farkon tawali'u na NAB kuma ta yaya suka isa inda suke a yau? Karanta a kan, kuma ina fata in amsa tambayoyin da kuma wasu tambayoyin da kuke da shi game da wannan kungiyar don haka ya dace da watsa shirye-shirye da kuma masana'antu.Eugene F. MacDonald

Ƙungiyar Ƙwararrun Ƙwararru ta Ƙasar tana da tsufa kamar yadda watsa shirye-shirye ke kanta. An kafa shi a 1922 ta Eugene F. McDonald, Kafa da Zenith Corporation, NAB ƙungiya ce ta kasuwanci mai zaman kansa wanda aka kafa domin manufar biyan bukatun bukatun masana'antun watsa labarai. An tsara shi da farko don kafa ka'idoji a cikin masana'antar watsa shirye-shiryen ta hanyar samar da ka'idoji don tsari na kansu (wanda aka sani da shi Ƙungiyar Labarai ta Rediyo na Ƙungiyar Radio, ya canja sunansa zuwa Ƙungiyar Labarai ta Rediyo da Telebijin na Ƙungiyar 1951, lokacin da shi ya shahara da kungiyar 'Yan Jarida ta Telebijin, kuma ya sake canza sunansa zuwa Ƙungiyar Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararru a 1958).

Gwamnati ba ta da wani "tsari na kanta" kuma don haka ya shiga aikin kanta. A Communications dokar na 1934 ya zama tsarin farko na doka don daidaita sadarwa (waya da mara waya). An yi watsi da labaran watsa labaran kasuwancin, wanda Majalisar ta ke da ikon sarrafawa a karkashin Tsarin Mulki na Amurka (Mataki na ashirin da na, Sashe Na 8), kuma an ba da sanarwar watsa shirye-shiryen Kwaskwarima na Farko. An sanar da watsa shirye-shirye a matsayin hanyar sadarwa na musamman wanda zai buƙaci tsari daban-daban na al'ada fiye da masu sintiri na kowa kamar telephony da telegraph. Dukkan wannan an kunshe da falsafar cewa watsa shirye-shiryen watsa shirye-shiryen ya kamata su taimaka wa jama'a, da saukaka, da kuma wajibi. Ayyukan 1934 ya halicci FCC, Wanda aka tuhuma da tabbatar da cewa masu gabatarda shirye shiryen yi a cikin jama'a sha'awa, saukaka, kuma larura.

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A May 1, 1955, NARB membobinsu hada 1,234 AM (amplitude daidaitowa) tashoshin, 327 FM (mita daidaitowa) tashoshin da 3 kasa rediyo networks, Columbia Broadcasting System, Mutual Broadcasting System, da kuma National Broadcasting Co., Inc. a cikin talabijin gaban , National Association of Radio da Television Makiyaya ya 267 tashoshin tilbijin a matsayin mambobin da kuma duk 4 gidan talabijin na kasa networks, American Broadcasting Co., Columbia Broadcasting System, dumont Television na hanyar sadarwa da kuma National Broadcasting Co., Inc. (Source: kwamitin majalisar Dattawa kan Fannin shari'a, Subcommittee gudanar da bincike na yara tsiwirwirin kuskure, Talabijin da kuma na yara tsiwirwirin kuskure, Wucin gadi rahoton, 1955, kwamitin Fitar.)

Television CodeBayan da samuwar, da National Association of Makiyaya gabatar da wani Radio Code a 1929 da baya, kamar yadda fasahar nema, a Television Code a 1952 (a cikin littafinsa, Leo Bogart lura cewa Television watsa labarai ɓullo da gaggãwa karkashin aegis daga cikin manyan rediyo networks wanda ya kashe miliyoyin daloli a ... [da] sha'anin (Bogart, A Age na Television, P. 9, 1956)).

Duk da haka, an dakatar da lambobin biyu a cikin 1982 bayan bin umarni na rashin amincewa wanda Ma'aikatar Shari'a ta samo asali don magance tsarin tallace tallace-tallace, yana ƙayyade wani ɓangaren Shari'a Sherman Antitrust (15 USC § 1 (1976)). Kamfanonin watsa shirye-shirye ba su tilasta su shiga NAB ba ko kuma su bi dokokin da ta kafa, duk da waɗannan da aka gane su "ka'idodi nagari" na FCC, wanda bai kafa ka'idodin jama'a a yankunan da lambobin ke rufe ba.

Nab "ke jemage" ga jama'a, a zahiri kokarin kula da watsa shirye- shiryenta nagartacce kuma kiyaye duk abin da a 8679-2_NAB_logos_cswatsa shirye-shirye a kan mael. A cikin shekarun da suka gabata, NAB ta shiga cikin hukunce-hukuncen da yawa, yawanci suna nuna kamar amicus curiae, ko kuma "abokiyar kotu" kamar yadda yake da sha'awar ko kuma ra'ayoyi game da batun batun wani aiki, amma ba wani jami'i na aiki ba . Hanyoyin su sun taimaka wajen tsara yanayin shimfida doka game da dukan masana'antu (wanda ya ƙunshi watsa shirye-shiryen, bayanan bayanan multimedia da kuma harkokin sadarwa hardware, software, da kuma ayyuka).

Fita daga lobbying da kuma kawo doka ayyuka, Nab samar da membobinta tare da sauran amfanin, ciki har da wani bincike library dauke da kan dubu goma kundin, a ma'aikatan ya hada da masana a cikin kimiyya da fasaha da kuma gudanar da bincike da kuma shiryawa, da kuma wata-wata Newsletter zuwa ga mambobin (Nab duniya), Kazalika da wallafe mako-mako RadioWeek da kuma TV National_Association_of_Broadcasters_headquartersyau.

Bugu da ƙari, NAB ta fara NAB Foundation Foundation, don haka zai iya ilmantar da 'yan ƙasa a Amurka game da ka'idodi na kyauta da wasu batutuwa game da masana'antu. Kafuwar tana gudanar da bincike da ayyukan ilimi a kan batutuwa irin su 'yancin haɓakawa na farko wanda ya shafi abubuwan da ke cikin shirin, ra'ayoyin edita, da kuma kasuwanci. Kuma kada mu manta da tarurruka na shekara guda, waɗanda suka zana masana'antun 100,000 kuma su ne tushen jagorancin bayanai, sadarwar da fasaha na zamani a Amurka!

Za ku sami hedkwatar babban birnin NAB (a ina kuma?) A Washington DC, inda yake ci gaba da tsaro a kan iska kuma yana jagorantar yin tafiya cikin adalci a cikin masana'antun watsa labarai. Tun daga Nuwamba 1, 2009, shugaban da Shugaba na NAB shine Gordon H. Smith, Wani tsohon United States Sanata daga Oregon.

NAB ita ce ƙungiyar bayar da shawarwari ta farko ga masu watsa labaran Amurka, kuma muna da tarihin inganta harkokin rediyo da talabijin a Washington, "' ya ce Shugaban Hukumar NAB Gordon H. Smith. Mutuwarmu ta kasance kuma ta kasance don tallafawa iyawar watsa labaru don taimaka wa yankuna, karfafa kasuwancinsu da kuma kama sabon damar. Ta hanyar Nab nuna da kuma sauran manufofi, kamar Nab Labs, mun gabatar da bidi'a, haka ƙarfafa wani haske nan gaba domin masana'antu.

Gano karin game Nab ta ziyartar ta website: www.nab.org.


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Ryan Salazar

Edita-A-Cif, Publisher at Watsa Beat Magazine, LLC.
Ryan fara aiki a watsa shirye-shirye da kuma post samar masana'antu a matasa shekaru goma sha biyu! Ya fitar talabijin shirye-shirye, gina manyan post samar da wurin, rubuta ga wasu daga cikin masana'antu jagorancin wallafe, kuma ya yi wani audio m for game da shekara goma. Ryan baya ya rubuta wa Watsa Engineering Magazine, Creative saniya da ayyukan da aka featured in da dama wallafe.
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